Heart diseases are usually associated with the common symptoms of chest pain, pain, and discomfort in the jaw, back of the body, or neck.
However, different symptoms associated with a heart condition are observed in women.
Symptoms Of Heart Diseases In Women
A heart condition in women is symbolized by the less common symptoms like nausea, vomiting, fatigue, or in certain cases. The condition can be completely asymptomatic.
According to the data of the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, although, cardiac complications is one of the leading cause of female mortality in the US, only 56% of the population are aware of it.
Symptoms of cardiac complications:
Some of the common symptoms of the cardiac condition include angina, which is pain arising from a blockage in the blood vessels. It is often associated with chest pain and discomfort.
A person can also experience pain in the upper arm, jaw, neck, throat, and abdomen along with difficulty in breathing during physical activities.
However, in terms of visible symptoms, men and women have some subtle differences when it comes to cardiac conditions.
Women, when compared to men, are less likely to exhibit common symptoms like chest pain. Instead, they are more prone to developing the symptoms like dizziness, vomiting, fatigue, abdominal pain, nausea, and stomach pain.
The occurrence of angina is also different in women compared to men. It usually does not get better even after enough rest and is usually experienced during physical activities.
The difference in symptoms for men and women is attributable to the difference in physiology in both genders. Women have smaller blood vessels than men and the incidence of chest pain is hence experienced in a different manner in women compared to men.
Women are more likely to develop a blockage in smaller side arteries of the heart compared to the main arteries as observed in men. These side artery blockages are referred to as micro o macrovascular blockages.
Diagnoses for female heart diseases.
Diagnosis for heart conditions includes recording the medical history of the person with a detailed description of when the symptoms first appeared, any triggering factors, and a general assessment of the health and lifestyle of the individual.
Tests for complete blood count, lipid profile, C-reactive protein test, sodium-potassium, and organ functionality tests are carried out.
The doctor can also suggest some noninvasive tests like echocardiogram, electrocardiogram (EKG), arrhythmia monitor, stress test, or cardiac MRI.
The doctor can suggest some other invasive test methods if more information is needed, these include, cardiac catheterization, where the doctor inserts a wire in the artery to measure the flow of the blood in the adjoining small blood vessels.
Treatment option for the condition.
The treatment route that will be adopted is decided by a number of factors like the type of cardiac damage, the state it is in, and any other underlying medical condition a person may have.
The treatment options include changes in diet and lifestyle, medications to manage cholesterol and blood sugar levels and to prevent the formation of blood clots.
And finally, surgical procedures if the medications do not provide the desired outcome.
Some common medications prescribed to individuals with cardiac conditions include beta-blockers, calcium channel blockers, ACE inhibitors, anticoagulants, nitrates, statins and aspirins.
Frequency of heart diseases in women:
Heart disease is one of the main causes of death among women in the US. Every one out of five deaths in the world is caused by some form of cardiac dysfunction.
The incidences of heart diseases in females are most common among the Latin, Alaskan Native, Asian, and Pacific Islander communities in the states.
Some other lifestyle factors like smoking, alcoholism, genetics, obesity, diabetes, improper sleep, stress, improper diet, HIV, Kidney diseases, anemia and use of hormonal contraceptives, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, autoimmune diseases, and prolonged working hours further increases the risk of cardiac diseases.